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Spanish pronunciation

   

Spanish Consonants

Most of the Spanish consonants are pronounced like or almost like corresponding English consonants. The following however are exceptions.

 

b,v

There is no difference in sound between these two letters. Both are made with the lips slightly open.

c

The c in Spanish is pronounced with a hissing sound if it is before e or i, and like a k if before any other letter.

d,t

like the English sounds, but tongue in against the teeth. Between vowels, d is more like th in this nada ( nah-thah )

h

always silent

j

like a string English h.

g

like a hard g in get. Before e or i it is like the Spanish j.

ll

like y in you

ñ

like n in onion

rr

pronounced with a strong trill as in thrrr-ee

r

pronounced like rr, at the beginning of a word. At other times it has a slight trill.

s,z

like hissing s in see

qu

like the letter k

 

Spanish Vowels

The only Spanish vowels that sounds like the English is the letter o.  The other vowels and vowel teams have there own sound.

Spanish letters a e i (y) o u ua ue ie ia ei
Sounds like ah ay ee oh oo wah way yay yah ayee

 

Letter

Example

Pronunciation

A

for arriba (upstairs)

AH

B

for  boca (mouth)

BEH

C

for cara (face)

SEH

D

for día (day)

DEH

E

for erizo (hedgehog)

EH

F

for flauta (flute)

EF eh

G

for gerbo (gerbil)

HEH

H

for hamaca (hammock)

AH cheh

I

for igualmente (likewise)

EE

J

for judías (beans)

HOH tah

K

for kárate (karate)

KAH

L

for letra (letter)

EL eh

LL

For llevar ( to carry)

ll lis pronounced like y in you

M

for medio (half)

EM eh

N

for nieto (grandson)

EN eh

Ñ

for ñame (yam)

EN yeh

O

for ocho (eight)

OH

P

for pluma (feather

PEH

Q

for queso (cheese)

KOO

R

for rojo (red)

EHRR eh

S

for salón (den)

ES eh

T

for triste (sad)

TEH

U

for uva (grape)

OO

V

for ventana (window)

BEH

W

for watt (watt)

DO bleh beh

X

for xerocopia (photocopy)

EH kees

Y

for Yo (I)

ee gree EH gah

Z

for zapato (shoe)

SEH tah

 

 

Nouns and articles   Subject pronouns   The Verb Ser   Pronunciation of Alphabet

 

 

   

 

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