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Subject Pronouns in Spanish

   

Pronouns

A pronoun  is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. Pronouns keep us from having to repeat the same noun.

 

Maria is at the store. Maria is buying groceries.

Maria is at the store and she is buying groceries

 

Singular pronouns refer to one person or thing. Plural pronouns refer to morn than one. Singular Pronouns are I, you, he, she and it. Plural Pronouns  are we, you and they.

 

A pronoun takes it's meaning from the noun it replaces.  That is, it must be the same in number and gender as the noun it is replacing.

 

Subject pronouns

A pronoun that replaces a subject is a subject pronoun.

 

Maria is at the store. She is buying groceries.

 

Subject pronouns in Spanish

 

Singular

Plural

First Person

yo      

I

nosotros

we (masculine)

 

 

 

nostotras

we (feminine)

Second Person

t     

you (familiar)

vosotros

you (masculine, familiar)

 

usted (Ud.)

you (formal)

vostotras

you (feminine, familiar)

 

 

 

ustedes(Uds.)

you (formal)

Third Person

l     

he

ellos

they (masculine)

 

ella     

she

ellas

they (feminine)

 

Spanish has tow subject pronouns that mean you (singular). Use t when addressing a friend, a family member, or a child you know well. Use usted to address a person whom you have a formal relationship with, such as a policeman or a person you would refer to Mr. or Mrs. in English.

 

The masculine plural forms nosotros, vosotros, and ellos  refer to a group of males or a group of males and females. The feminine plural forms nosotras, vosotras, and ellas  can refer only to groups made up on exclusively females.

 

There is no equivalent of the English subject pronoun it. Generally it is not expressed in Spanish.

It is a book.

Es un libro.

It is a dog.

Es un perro.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nouns and articles   Subject pronouns   The Verb Ser   Pronunciation of Alphabet

 

 

   

 

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